Napkin; House of Anne Frank Accession Number: NEKHC:2009.11-13 Object: Napkins Category: Anne Frank; Hiding Physical Description: Cream coloured cotton napkin with flower pattern and embroidered with 'COS'. Image Use: Use of images owned by the National Holocaust Centre and Museum is governed by our Terms and Conditions. This napkin is one of a set of 3 and form part of Edith and Otto Frank's wedding trousseau. Further Information The Frank family; Otto, Edith and their two daughters Margot and Anne, were German and Jewish. They moved to Amsterdam in 1933 to escape growing persecution. On July 6, 1942 the family went into hiding in a secret annexe behind Otto Frank’s office. On August 4, 1944 everyone hiding is betrayed by an anonymous call to the headquarters of the Sicherheitsdienst (SD). Otto, the only person hidden in the annexe to survive, was liberated in Auschwitz by Soviet forces on January 27, 1945. For her birthday in June 1942 Anne had been given a diary with a red chequered cover, it was a much loved gift. Anne used the diary to record her personal feelings and thoughts as well as describing things that happened in hiding. In line with Anne’s desire to become a writer, which she had expressed in her diary, Otto Frank published the diary in 1947. Sources: Anne Frank House ‘Life in Germany 1925-1933’, Anne Frank House [Online]. Available at: http://www.annefrank.org/en/Anne-Frank/Life-in-Germany/ (Accessed 17 January 2015). Anne Frank House ‘Discovered’, Anne Frank House [Online]. Available at: http://www.annefrank.org/en/Anne-Frank/Discovery-and-arrest/The-day-of-the-arrest/Discovered/ (Accessed 17 January 2015). Anne Frank House ‘Victor Kugler’, Anne Frank House [Online]. Available at: http://www.annefrank.org/en/Anne-Frank/All-people/Victor-Kugler/ (Accessed 17 January 2015). Anne Frank House ‘Jo Kleiman’, Anne Frank House [Online]. Available at: http://www.annefrank.org/en/Anne-Frank/All-people/Jo-Kleiman/ (Accessed 17 January 2015). Frank, Anne (1944) The Diary of a Young Girl. Edited by Frank, O and Pressler, M. (2011) London: Penguin Books. The Anne Frank Trust UK ‘Anne Frank’, The Anne Frank Trust UK [Online]. Available at: http://www.annefrank.org.uk/learn-zone/anne-frank (Accessed 17 January 2015). United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (20 June 2014) ‘Anne Frank’ Holocaust Encyclopedia, USHMM [Online]. Available at: http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005210 (Accessed 17 January 2015). Yad Vashem ‘Frank, Anne’, Yad Vashem [Online].Available at: http://www.yadvashem.org/odot_pdf/Microsoft%20Word%20-%205858.pdf (Accessed 17 January 2015).