Learning from Objects

Jewish Life before the Second World War

Ellen's certificate

Ellen Rawson

Ellen Rawson at the National Holocaust Centre and MuseumEllen Rawson was born in Königsberg, East Prussia in 1922. Ellen, her two brothers and parents lived happily until Adolf Hitler came into power. When it became clear that Jewish people were being targeted by the Nazi government and after the November Pogrom(also known as Kristallnacht), Ellen's parents organised for Ellen to come to England on the Kindertransport. Ellen and her brother Gert were the only survivors of the Ellen’s family.  

Explore the following objects to discover what was important in Ellen's life before coming to Britain on the Kindertransport.

Find the word schwimmmaister. What does this German word mean? 
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Swimming instructor

What might this certificate be for?
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This is a swimming achievement. Ellen spent 1 hour in the water.

When was Ellen awarded this certificate?
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 9th July 1934

What might be the link between this certificate and the photograph?
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 Ellen enjoyed swimming as a child, and often went swimming during holidays and for fun.

Why would Ellen give this certificate to the National Holocaust Centre and Museum?

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